Ubonelelo lwefektri---Akukho Middleman---OEM/ODM Iyafumaneka

Umgaqo kunye nolwakhiwo lweteleskopu yeenkwenkwezi

Iiteleskopu zeenkwenkwezi zinokubona iinkwenkwezi ezingamakhulu ezigidi zeminyaka yokukhanya okanye ngaphezulu ngenxa yokuba amaza ombane akhutshwa zezi nkwenkwezi aye athunyelwa emhlabeni kwisithuba esingamakhulu ezigidi zeminyaka aze emva koko ajongwe ngeeteleskopu zeenkwenkwezi.Kukho iindidi ezimbini eziphambili zeeteleskopu zeenkwenkwezi, enye yiteleskopu yokukhanya kwaye enye yiteleskopu yerediyo.

Umgaqo weteleskopu yeenkwenkwezi:

Iteleskopu yeenkwenkwezi ibona amaza ombane.Iiteleskopu zeAstronomical zamehlo zibona ukukhanya okubonakalayo, oko kukuthi, into ebizwa ngokuba yinkwenkwezi ngokwayo iyabonwa;Iiteleskopu zikanomathotholo zeenkwenkwezi zibhaqa amaza kanomathotholo, aluhlobo lwamaza kanomathotholo, kwaye amaza erediyo ngamaza ombane anezandi ezisezantsi kunokukhanya okubonakalayo.Nangona kunjalo, iindlela zokufumanisa ezikhethekileyo zezi zimbini nazo zahlukile.

Ukukhanya okubonwa yiteleskopu yokukhanya kukhutshwa ziinkwenkwezi, kodwa uninzi lwezi nkwenkwezi kudala zayeka ukubakho.Oko sikubonayo kukukhanya okwakhutshwa kwiibhiliyoni zeminyaka eyadlulayo.Iiteleskopu zeAstronomical zeAstronomical zahlulwe zibe ziiteleskopu ezikhanyayo, ezibonisayo kunye ne-catadioptric astronomical telescopes.Njengoko igama libonisa, umgaqo weteleskopu ephindaphindayo kukusebenzisa umgaqo wokucinga we-convex lens ukuze ubone umfanekiso wokwenyani;umgaqo weteleskopu ebonakalisayo kukusebenzisa umfanekiso wesipili esisicaba ukubona umfanekiso obonakalayo;umgaqo reflex telescope kukudibanisa ezimbini ukubona Kwakhona umfanekiso virtual.

Iteleskopu yerediyo, eyeteleskopu yenzululwazi ngeenkwenkwezi esetyenziswa ziingcali zokuphonononga ukuphonononga.Ifumana amaza kanomathotholo akhutshwa ziinkwenkwezi, ize ke irekhode idatha engundoqo, kubandakanywa ubunzulu berediyo, i-frequency spectrum, i-polarization, njl.Kwangaxeshanye, ixhotyiswe ngenkqubo yolwazi lobuchwephesha.Inkqubo iqhuba ulwazi oluqokelelweyo.Phantsi kweemeko ezinjalo, iinkwenkwezi ezingenakubonwa ziiteleskopu eziqhelekileyo zinokubonwa, njengeepulsars, iiquasars, iimolekyuli ze-interstellar organic, njalo njalo.

Ubume beteleskopu yeenkwenkwezi:

Omnye: ityhubhu engundoqo

Ityhubhu ephambili yeteleskopu yeenkwenkwezi yi-protagonist yokujonga iinkwenkwezi.Ngamehlo ahlukeneyo, sinokubona iinkwenkwezi kangangoko sifuna.

Zimbini: Umfumani

Iiteleskopu zeenkwenkwezi zidla ngokujonga iinkwenkwezi ezinobukhulu bezihlandlo ezingamashumi alishumi nangaphezulu.Xa ukhangela iinkwenkwezi, ukuba usebenzisa amashumi amaxesha ukufumana iinkwenkwezi, kuba intsimi yokujonga incinci, akukho lula ukufumana iinkwenkwezi nge-tube ye-lens engundoqo.Umsebenzi webala lokujonga kukufumana indawo yinkwenkwezi ekufuneka ijongwe kuqala, ukuze inkwenkwezi inokubonwa ngokuthe ngqo kwi-lens umgqomo ophakathi kunye nokwandiswa okuphantsi.

Eyesithathu: Iliso

Ukuba iteleskopu yeenkwenkwezi ayinazo izinto zamehlo, akukho ndlela yokubona iinkwenkwezi.Umsebenzi we-eyepiece kukukhulisa.Ngokwesiqhelo iteleskopu kufuneka ixhotyiswe ngembonakalo yamehlo esezantsi, ephakathi kunye nephezulu.

Isine: Intaba ye-ikhweyitha

Intaba ye-ikhweyitha sisixhobo esikwaziyo ukulandela iinkwenkwezi kwaye sizijonge ixesha elide.Intaba ye-ikhweyitha yohlulwe kwi-axis yokunyuka kwasekunene kunye ne-declination axis, kwaye eyona nto ibalulekileyo yi-axis yokunyuka efanelekileyo.Ukusetyenziswa, kufuneka uqale ulungelelanise i-axis yokunyuka ekunene kunye nesibonda esisemantla sommandla wesibhakabhaka.Xa inkwenkwezi ifunyenwe, vula i-motor yokulandelela kwaye utshixe i-clutch ukulandelela inkwenkwezi.Ukuze kube lula ukuba i-axis yokunyuka ihambelane neNkwenkwezi eseMntla, kufakwe iteleskopu encinci embindini we-ascension axis, ebizwa ngokuba yi-polar axis telescope.Kwi-accession ekunene kunye ne-declination axs, kukho uhlengahlengiso olukhulu kunye noluncinci, kwaye umsebenzi wabo kukufumana iinkwenkwezi ezincedisayo.

Eyesihlanu: ukulandelela imoto

Injini yokukhangela inyuka ngasekunene inokuqhuba i-axis yokunyuka ekunene ukuze ijikelezise kwicala elichaseneyo ngesantya esifana nesembongolo njengokujikeleza komhlaba, ilandelele iinkwenkwezi, kwaye igcine iinkwenkwezi zijonge ixesha elide.Ukongeza, ungasebenzisa isantya esikhawulezayo ukufumana iinkwenkwezi ofuna ukuzijonga, kwaye wandise okanye unciphise imozulu yaseShanghai ukwenza i-astrophotography.

Umsebenzi we-motor declination tracking motor kukwenza uhlengahlengiso kunye nezilungiso xa inkwenkwezi ephantsi koqwalaselo iphambukela kumbindi webala lokujonga, ifuna iinkwenkwezi kunye ne-astrophotography.Ngokubanzi, intaba ye-ikhweyitha kufuneka ibe nenjini yokunyuka ekunene.Ukuba kuthatha ixesha elide ukuthatha imifanekiso yeenkwenkwezi, zombini ukunyuka kwasekunene kunye neenjini zokunciphisa ziyafuneka.

Isithandathu: Itafile ye-Tripod kunye ne-tripod

I-tripod stand isetyenziselwa ukudibanisa intaba ye-ikhweyitha kunye netyhubhu yesibuko ukudibanisa i-tripod.I-tripod isetyenziselwa ukuthwala iteleskopu yeenkwenkwezi kunye nentaba ye-equatorial, kwaye isetyenziswa njengentsika.Isixhobo esincinci se-equatorial ice age 3 siqhele ukusebenzisa i-tripod, kwaye isixhobo esinzima se-ikhweyitha sinonyawo olunye.

Eyesixhenxe: Ibhokisi yokulawula intaba ye-equatorial kunye nokubonelela ngombane

Ukuze intaba ye-ikhweyitha isebenze, kufuneka isebenzise umthombo wamandla ukuqhuba i-motor yokulandelela.Ngokuqhelekileyo, isixhobo sokucula iChimeiyu esiphathwayo sidinga ukuthengwa kweebhetri ezomileyo okanye i-accumulators, ezifanelekileyo ukusetyenziswa kwiindawo zasendle kunye neentaba.Ibhokisi yokulawula intaba ye-equatorial yenzelwe imisebenzi emininzi, ukwenzela ukuba ikwazi ukujonga iinkwenkwezi, ikhangele iinkwenkwezi, kwaye ibandakanyeke kwiimfuno ze-astrophotography.

Amandla ethu emveliso yeMirror yamazwe ngamazwe ye-Optical Equipment inokubonelela ngazo zonke iintlobo zeeteleskopu.

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Ixesha lokuposa: Mar-29-2022